Public procurement is the purchase of goods and services by public institutions. Purchases span across many sectors and activities such as food, construction, energy, transportation, electronic products, and waste management. Sustainable procurement practices refer to the process of public institutions to include sustainability perspectives across social, economic, and environmental dimensions when procuring goods and services (KEINO, 2018
). Under SDG 12, Target 12.7 specifically addresses public procurement in its description: to “promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities.”
The Nordic countries have, and increasingly are, promoting the importance of public procurement in the context of green and sustainable development, moving from linear approaches to circular practices.